All this article depends on Career Opportunities For Pre Medical Students. Every premedical student faces this confusing period of indecisiveness and ambiguity regarding which professional field of medical study to choose after completing preliminary medical classes. At this stage, students confine their expectations and enthusiasm only for MBBS and BDS, ignoring all other broad ranges of highly competitive fields which they can opt for. However, be realistic for a moment, and you won’t deny the fact that MBBS is not a piece of cake, as it demands a greater ratio of time and effort, which neither all premedical students can handle, nor all of the students own that consistent nature of studying for hours and hours which is a prerequisite attribute and attitude for a student of MBBS.
So keeping this under consideration, in this article, we will look at different fields of studies/degrees in which premedical students can aspire to take admission and flourish, as there are a variety of fruitful related professional options other than MBBS BDS.
Career Opportunities For Pre Medical Students
Let’s explore the options one can choose after FSC premedical:
Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS):
What is more peaceful than returning someone’s ease by alleviating their pain, helping them get rid of complicated health issues. Becoming a medical doctor is a blessing for people’s physical suffering. This field of study is considered the most sacred, but it is a long-term commitment and a decision that cannot be taken lightly.
MBBS is a five-year program in which you study subjects related to medicine, pathology, pharmacology, biochemistry, clinical sciences, microbiology, surgery, anesthesia, radiology, ophthalmology, dermatology, forensic medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, pathology and anatomy. This field of study is a direct service of humanity if you keep yourself loyal to the oath you take in starting this journey.
Bachelors of Dental Surgery (BDS)
This field of study is undoubtedly a competitive degree and worth the diligence to score the limited seating criteria. It is a five-year program, including the house job in a PMDC recognized hospital.
Subjects for this degree program are designed to produce an effective professional who can make accurate dental/oral examination and diagnosis, handle giving local anesthesia, perform operations on jaws and teeth, and take a fine roentgenogram. This professional degree program refines holding dental laboratory techniques and looking after the community’s dental health. Though it may seem that this field is confined within the oral area, subjects related to the whole human body are covered in this professional degree. Subjects including anatomy, physiology, histology, morphology, dental pharmacology, surgery, medicine, clinical prosthetics, conservative dentistry, endodontics, radiology, and dental practice management are covered in this degree to refine the professionals.
Pharm-D is an extensive training program related to patient’s health care, training the professionals in extemporaneous and non-extemporaneous pharmacy for national and international health care settings. It exposes you to additional strapping knowledge of management skills as well. This professional field of study extends to various career opportunities, including hospital pharmacy services, industrial pharmacy, university teaching, pharmaceutical marketing, regulatory services, community services, research and development, drug information centers, drug testing laboratories, drug courts, clinical services etc.
Subjects including pharmaceutics, pharmaceutical chemistry, physical pharmacy, organic pharmacy, biochemistry, therapeutics, pharmacognosy, dosage forms science, pharmaceutical immunology and microbiology, pharmaceutical analysis, dispensing pharmacy, social and administrative pharmacy, pharmacokinetics, quality management, forensic pharmacy, medicinal chemistry are covered in this field of study.
Physiotherapy is another good option for students opting for a medical career. This field of study equips students with basic medical knowledge and a sound foundation in assessing, counselling and rehab patients.
In addition, this degree provides successful management and leadership skills, along with the retainment of professional integrity and ethical values. Professionals in this field can practice as outpatient clinical specialists, in-patient hospital consultants, clinical practitioners in rehabilitation centres, fitness instructors in fitness centres, lecturers in academic settings, and much more.
Nutrition and Food Sciences:
Human nutrition and dietetics is a great career field. The graduates get the knowledge related to precise nutrition, clinical dietetics, and public health nutrition to translate the interpreted nutrition knowledge into practical information, conduct an appropriate and timely assessment, and manage nutritional care. In addition, this study field plays a crucial role in interpreting scientific knowledge about food intake concerning health and disease to help people modify their eating habits and lifestyle.
Subjects related to functional and nutraceutical foods, nutritional deficiency disorders, meal planning, food service management, emergency nutrition, food chemistry, metabolism of nutrients, food supplements, nutrition immunology, food additives, diet therapy, infant feeding, advanced dietetics, epidemiology and many more are covered in this field of study.
Professionals in this field practice in public or private sector organizations, including research institutions, public health departments, Non-government Organizations, community development programs and even international organizations, i.e., UNICEF, World Bank, FAO, WHO. They can also build up careers in pharmaceutical industries, multinational companies, and the food industries.
BS public health
Public health deals with concepts of disease propagation, prevention, and control. A functional health system aims to reduce the burden of diseases through promotive activities leading to eventual adjustments of policies to stop the diseases even before presentation, to aid control of spreading. Furthermore, it aims for the dissemination of knowledge through research and education to the communities. Thus, public health offers to efficiently attain the goals and trade-offs needed to achieve productive and preventive targets.
This field of study deals with the burden of diseases in society, the substantial number of injuries and deaths (which can be prevented). Public health sciences deal with curative health care services in hospitals. It also focuses on mortality rates related to complicated life-affecting diseases like thalassemia, cancer, hepatitis etc.
Practitioners in this field can practice in Primary health care centres, Basic health Units, Rural Health centres, first aid posts as an epidemiologist, health planner, health economist, promotional program coordinator, informatics specialist, project manager, healthcare administrator, health safety engineer, public health educator, management policy advisor, public health lawyer, industrial hygienist, professor, NGO Programme officer, mental health researcher, behavioural scientist, health communication specialist, public health consultant, emergency preparedness specialist.
This field of study aims to provide an international standing research environment at stimulating and diverse latitude in exciting areas of biotechnology, biology, and medicine. It is a cross-disciplinary field, playing an essential role in the computational and research section of biomedicine. It deals with various computational methods related to biomedical analysis and interpretation of macromolecules(DNA, RNA, proteins). Conversely, wet lab analysis of relevant motifs/segments(macromolecules) enhances the complex understanding of cell mechanisms.
Professionals in this field of study are trained to promote advanced research in genomics and proteomics to help develop high profile scientific and technical talent in industries, organizations and universities.
This degree program imparts modern cutting edge knowledge of theoretical and experimental aspects related to living organisms. This programme guides with a detailed, nuanced view of biology with recent advances in cell biology, molecular biology, developmental biology, microbiology, computational biology, mathematical modelling of diseases and processes, systems biology and biological processes and diseases.
Physics is the study of universe, and its scope extends up to cosmological scales. A physicist focuses on scientific tradition based on inquiry grounded in imagination, observation, experimental and mathematical reasoning. This field of study trains the students in core areas of contemporary physics, aiming to produce versatile critical thinkers ready to tackle the challenges of the present century. Research in this area covers cosmology, nanophotonics, particle physics, spintronics, quantum optics,
computational physics etc.
The field of microbiology deals with processes related to microbial metabolite production, microbial enhanced oil recovery, in the making of environmentally friendly leather, biotreatment of domestic effluents, biodegradation, antibiotic resistance, nanomaterials, bioenergy, biofuel production, and much more.
This field of study is versatile, including the knowledge covering applied microbiology, environmental microbiology, industrial microbiology, soil microbiology, medical microbiology, mycology, fermentation/bioprocessing,
virology, immunology, molecular microbiology, food and nutritional microbiology, marine microbiology, geomicrobiology, bioenergy and biorefinery.
Professionals in this field serve in clinical and diagnostic laboratories, research organizations, waste management agencies, food industries, environmental agencies and more.
This field of study relates to scientific research and innovation in agriculture and the medical field. The transgenic and medicinal plants are easy examples for you to take a brief idea of their importance.
Subjects like plant genetics and genomics, biofuel and diversity, plant
taxonomy and biosystematics, plant microbial interactions, plant ecology, plant
physiology etc., are covered in this area of study.
Health care management and innovation
This field of study is a fast-evolving field of health-related management policy, finance and law. It is related to entrepreneurship in the health system. The blended learning in this field of study caters to the fastly expanding healthcare industry, projected to flourish in a disciplined way.
This field of study trains the students in geology and geophysics, which is essential in exploring natural resources, particularly for gas and oil, minerals and groundwater. Important areas covered in this field of study are earthquake seismology, hydrogeology, environmental studies and well logging. In addition, the students are exposed to extensive laboratory and fieldwork, including data acquisition, modelling of surface geology and computer processing interpretation. Professionals related to this field of study pursue their careers at national and international levels, i.e., in organizations like Premier oils, OMV, Lasmo, Mathtech, Schlumberger, Punjmin, WAPDA etc.
Knowledge in various disciplines is refined, including gravity, seismic, electrical resistivity, magnetic, structure and tectonics, geo radar, micro and microscopes etc.
This field of study covers the areas of physical chemistry, inorganic chemistry and organic chemistry. In addition, it covers the divergent knowledge related to polymer chemistry, electrochemistry, surface chemistry, environmental chemistry, coordination chemistry, medicinal chemistry, computational chemistry, solution chemistry, the chemistry of natural products, organometallics, organic synthesis, computer-aided drug designing etc.
The graduates can have a career as a chemical technologist, education department, toxicologist, water chemist, analytical chemist, quality control chemist, synthetic chemist, forensic scientist, organic chemist, geochemist, oceanographer, material scientist, and chemical engineer.
Zoology covers the study related to animals. This field of study provides knowledge in disciplines like endocrinology, developmental biology/embryology, parasitology, reproductive physiology, genetics, neuroendocrinology, fisheries etc. In addition, this field of study equips the students to contribute to human resource development, exploring basic and applied research areas related to animal sciences by understanding the physiological mechanisms involved.
This field of study is integrated with comprehensive knowledge and research related to the fundamentals of natural and biological sciences to solve environmental problems. It focuses on pioneering innovative analyses to cope with environmental issues, finding appropriate solutions to suppress the societal issues, preparing the professionals to understand and predict ecological systems, participating in the management of the environment, hence contributing to a sustainable environment.
The professionals in this field play an essential role in coordinating the multidisciplinary input, ensuring a successful deployment, which is required in tackling environmental challenges, throughout the region and around the globe. The graduates may find careers in local government agencies (charged with managing natural resources), research institutions/organizations, federal-state etc. The professionals may also work in consulting firms or have a productive career in related industries.
This field provides diverse, stimulating training and research related to all exciting areas of biochemistry, encompassing all perspectives at the molecular level with both functional and structural approaches. Professionals in this field utilize state-of-the-art technologies for research in the scientific community, covering broad areas of enzymology, clinical biochemistry, nutritional and metabolic biochemistry, plant
biochemistry, molecular biology of human diseases, genomics, proteomics, cell biology etc.
Research in this field of study is done using various modalities and types of equipment, including HPLC, DNA sequencing, UV/visible spectrometry, growth incubators, analytical ultracentrifugation, gas chromatography, etc.
The biochemistry degree might come in handy for a biochemical engineer, biochemist, agriculture scientist, cosmetic developer, fermentation scientist, regulator of biochemical products, laboratory technologist, food researcher and developer, patent lawyer, process engineer, and science teacher.
Biotechnology deals with the sustainable development of
beneficial products utilizing living organisms. It harnesses molecular
processes at the cellular level to develop technologies and products that help
to improve life. Its applications are focused on human welfare.
Biotechnology covers many disciplines, including genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry etc. Moreover, innovations in production through biotechnology is speedily increasingly elevating with each year within areas of industry ( textile, paper production, food ), medicine (development of new therapies and medicine), agriculture ( genetically modified plants biological treatment, biofuels).
Fielf of biotechnology is of vital importance in improving food quality, quantity and processing in eco-friendly due to bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides, hence aiding farmers to get good yields of crops. It is used in innovative techniques for
diagnosing and treating diseases in the medical field by inventing recombinant
vaccines and novel vaccines.
Biotechnology plays a significant role in controllingenvironmental pollution through biodegradation, biotreatment, bioremediation,biomonitoring, waste recycling, and other waste management technologies.It contributes to conserving resources and
increased food supply by contributing to food preservation methods, including
optimum pasteurization and freezing, hence conserving and utilizing resources economically.
There are four main areas of biotechnology
- Medical Biotechnology
Genetic engineering has revolutionized the medical world
by producing hormones, blood serum proteins, antibiotics, and other medically
According to Biotechnology Innovation Organization,
Biotechnology is responsible for more than 250 vaccines and medications such as
regenerative therapies and artificial organs and antibiotics.
- Industrial Biotechnology
It deals with the commercial production of useful organic
substances, such as citric acid, glycerine, acetone, acetic acid etc. and
antibiotics like streptomycin, penicillin, mitomycin etc., using microbes,
especially bacteria and fungi.
- Environmental biotechnology
It deals with detoxifying industrial effluents and waste, controlling insects and plant diseases using biological agents such as bacteria and viruses, sewage water treatment, etc.
Environmental biotechnology deals with the restoration
and sustainability of the environment. This field deals with the detection,
prevention and remediation of pollutants in various ways.
- Plant biotechnology
Plant biotechnology is a combination of genetic engineering and tissue culture. It deals with the development of haploids, clonal multiplication, embryo rescue, transgenic plants ( with resistance to biotic and abiotic factors ), cryopreservation, involved in the development of new crop cultivars, makes interspecific and inter-generic crosses feasible, helps in the development of plants resistant to biotic and abiotic stress, contributes in crop improvement, including tetraploid plants that are developed through protoplast fusion, contributes to the food chain’s flexibility (e.g.,
making it possible to grow crops in the desert, pest-resistant varieties of plants, drought-resistant plants, makes it possible to grow crops without relying on climate patterns.