What is Biotechnology?

If we define biotechnology in simple words, it is the branch of science used to solve problems and produce usual products. The most prominent and essential benefit of biotechnology is therapeutic protein s and other drugs with genetic engineering.

What are the 4 types of Biotechnology?

There are different types of biotechnology found.

Medical Biotechnology:

Medical Biotechnology helps in preventing human diseases. They use living cells and cell materials to produce pharma products and diagnostic products that help find treatments for diseases. Biotechnologists conduct medical research, and these researchers work for the betterment of academia and industries. The biotechnologist researchers perform many experiments which help them in preventing many diseases. The biotechnologists are very successful in bringing many solutions for human beings’ success and helping them make drugs and vaccines. Biotechnologist researchers also introduced many techniques such as for environmental cleanup, market microbial pesticides and insect-resistant crops. Medical biotechnology is the study of bacteria plants and animals. It is also helpful in studying enzymes, an important and essential aspect of industrial and manufacturing sectors and processes. It helps in producing food staff and some important drugs and also works in synthetic hormones.

Medical Biotechnology

Industrial Biotechnologist

Industrial Biotechnologist deals with the use of plants, marine organisms, algae, fungi and microorganisms. Researchers use Biochemical resources to produce chemical, materials, and energy essential and useful for industrial development. Industrial Biotechnology is also known as White Biotechnology, promoting environmental benefits that enhance and boast industrial performance and bold value add to its products. Industrial biotechnology has proved to be the best option to promote, contribute, enhance and add value to his products. Industrial biotechnology also helps lower greenhouse gas emissions and impact climate change as the increase in the demand of industries day by day, generation by generation. It will encourage and increase the scope of innovation and technology and boost the economy as well. Not only that it also promotes and enhances resource conservation and cost reductions. If industries take proper measures, it will automatically more boost the industries in future.

Agriculture Biotechnology:

Biotechnology can be applied in all living organisms such as viruses and bacteria to plant and animals, which is now an important element of modern medicine, agriculture, and industry. Modern Biotechnology includes a range of more modern tools used by scientists to manipulate and understand make –up of organisms for use in the production of processing of agriculture products.

Agriculture Biotechnology

Biotechnology is also used to address problems related to agriculture production and processing. In this field also serves to enhance nutritional content in foods. Biotechnology is also used to develop low-cost disease-free planting material such as cassava, banana, photo, and working to create tools to diagnose and create treatments for plants and animals. 

Biotechnology is also used to develop a breeding program for plants, livestock and fish. It is used to improve an animal’s nutrition and to reduce environmental waste. They also research and diagnose disease and produce vaccines for animal disease.

Microbial Biotechnology:

Microbial Biotechnology is one of the dynamic sectors of biomedical sciences unique in the breadth and diversity of products and services. It plays an important role in diagnosing disease, suggesting therapy, agriculture, food provision and nutrition, energy production, production of chemicals and materials, water and waste treatment, recycling, environmental monitoring, forensic and sustainable practices. This microbiology branch also opens doors for microbiome engineering, bioenergy and bioelectric applications, the use of microbial toxins for therapy and cosmetic application etc.

What are the different Applications of Biotechnology?

There are many different majors which can be pursued that will have the best Biotechnology applications.

Agricultural and Biosystem engineering

Students, who study biosystems engineering adapt primarily to incorporating physical and biological sciences with designing science and plan. Graduates may work for organizations engaged with bioprocessing, bioenvironmental engineering, food engineering, and other related regions.


Agriculture Education and studies:

Students figure out how to improve creation by utilizing the most recent advancements in bioethics, horticulture, global situating, natural science, food innovation and production farming. Graduates plan for an assortment of professions, including teaching, expansion work, and occupations with government offices.


Agronomy is essentially investigating soils, harvests, climatology, and different parts of our current circumstance. Understudies figure out how to utilize biotechnology from various perspectives, for example, controlling soil microorganisms and rearing plants.


Animal Science:

Creature researchers offer types of assistance, including creature creation and creature items. Understudies figure out how to offer assistance financially with centre around buyer needs, creature wellbeing and climate, and asset preservation. Graduates can likewise get ready for admission to proficient schools, for example, veterinary medication.


Biology is the investigation of all parts of life upon earth. Biologists find out about animals, plants, nature, molecular biology, physiology, genetics, and advancement.

Bio Technology

Botany :

Botany is the investigation of all parts of plants. It centres around their capacity and how species are identified with each other. General preparing incorporates science, hereditary qualities and advancement.

Chemical Engineering:

Students considering chemical engineering are essentially centred around the utilization of chemical strategies to make new materials. These materials regularly incorporate chemical, fills, development materials, staples, drugs, engineered materials and plastics. Substance engineers are talented in science, physical science and math.


Chemistry is the investigation of constructions, properties, organization and associations of synthetic substances. Since synthetic compounds are at the base of life, scientists study a wide scope of subjects, for example,global warming, ozone exhaustion, or acid rain. Some others are centered around discovering fixes of infections or combining new materials.


Economics manages the investigation of what people, establishments, and economic framework can do, and ought to do, to fulfill the needs of society. Financial understudies additionally are set up to uncover issues and suggestions for new advances in the business.

Electrical and computer engineering:

This field involves research, improvement, plan, application, the executives, or deals for electrical or PC related ventures. Understudies figure out how to apply speculations and advances toward improving society’s electrical or PC gadgets and frameworks.

Food Science and Human Nutrition

Students keen on this field take courses in fundamental science, science, and physical science and spotlight on the safeguarding, quality and general security of nourishments.


Forestry is worried about the management of the world’s woodlands. Understudies figure out how to choose and develop genetically better trees all together than increment populace, improve wanted characteristics and advance bug opposition.


Genetically qualities principally concentrate how attributes of living creatures are passed from age to age. Students will consider zoology and hereditary qualities.

There are many other fields where biochemistry is implemented.

Does Biotechnology have a good career?

In biotechnology, various career ways can have numerous branches. Professions regularly start with specialized instruction at two-or four-year schools. Community colleges get ready students for working in industry by giving involved training through partners and lone ranger’s degree programs. These schools additionally offer endorsements that emphasize specialized abilities. As people acquire insight, they can propel their professions through advancements, new jobs, or extra instruction and postgraduate educations.


Biotechnology career path:

  • Agricultural and Food Science Technician
  • Animal Technician
  • Biofuel Technician
  • Biomanufacturing Technician
  • Cell Culture Technician
  • Clinical Research Associate
  • Compliance specialist
  • Environmental Health and Safety Technician
  • Facilities Technician
  • Laboratory Technician and much more.

10 ways biochemistry could improve our everyday life.

Through the only remaining century, the human movement has drained around half of the world’s stores of fossil hydrocarbons. These stores, which took more than 600 million years to gather, are non-inexhaustible and their extraction, refining and use contribute altogether to human outflows of ozone-depleting substances and the warming of our planet. To support human improvement going ahead, a carbon-unbiased option should be executed. The key promising innovation is organic union; that is, bio-based creation of synthetic compounds, powers and materials from plants that can be re-developed.

Scope of Biotechnology

Produce food resources for a human being

The proceeding with increment in our numbers and wealth are presenting developing difficulties to the capacity of humankind to deliver satisfactory food (just as feed, and now fuel). Albeit dubious, present-day hereditary alteration of yields has upheld development in farming efficiency. In 2011, 16.7 million ranchers developed biotechnology-created crops on very nearly 400 million sections of land in 29 nations, 19 of which were non-industrial nations. Appropriately oversaw, such yields can possibly bring down both pesticide use and plowing which disintegrates soil.

Sea-water based bio-processes

Over 70% of the earth’s surface is covered via seawater, and it is the most plentiful water source accessible on the planet. However, we are yet to find its maximum capacity. For instance, halliophic microscopic organisms equipped for filling in the seawater can be designed to become quicker and produce helpful items including synthetics, energizes and polymeric materials. Sea horticulture is likewise a promising innovation. It depends on the photosynthetic biomass from the seas, as macroalgae and microalgae.

Non-asset depleting zero waste bio-processing

The reasonable objective of zero waste may turn into a reality with biotechnology. Squander streams can be handled at bio-treatment facilities and transformed into significant synthetic compounds and fills, in this manner shutting the circle of creation with no net waste. Advances in biotechnology are presently permitting lower cost, less depleting contributions to be utilized, including methane, and waste warmth. These advances are rearranging waste streams with the possibility to decrease harmfulness just as help their utilization in different cycles, drawing society continuously nearer to the practical objective of zero waste.

Utilizing carbon dioxide as a crude material

Biotechnology is ready to contribute answers to moderate the developing danger of rising CO2 levels. Ongoing advances are quickly expanding our comprehension of how living creatures devour and use CO2. By tackling the force of these normal organic frameworks, researchers are designing another flood of ways to deal with converting squander CO2 and C1 atoms into energy, energizes, synthetics, and new materials.

Medicine for regenerating:

Regenerative medication has gotten progressively significant because of both expanded life span and treatment of injury. Tissue designing dependent on different biomaterials has been created to accelerate regenerative medication. As of late, undifferentiated organisms, particularly the instigated pluripotent undeveloped cells (iPS), have given another extraordinary chance to regenerative medication. Blend of tissue designing and undifferentiated cell (counting iPS) advancements will permit substitutions of harmed or old human organs with useful ones soon.


Manufacturing of vaccines to cure the global pandemic

A worldwide pandemic remaining parts perhaps the most genuine and genuine dangers to mankind. Biotechnology can possibly quickly distinguish natural dangers, create and fabricate likely fixes. Driving edge biotechnology is currently offering the possibility to quickly create therapeutics and antibodies against practically any objective. These advances, including courier therapeutics, directed immunotherapies, formed nanoparticles, and design-based designing, have just delivered applicants with considerable potential to improve human wellbeing worldwide.

Personalized diagnostics and prognostics:

ID of better targets and joining nanotechnology and data innovation it will be conceivable to create quick, exact, customized and reasonable diagnostics and prognostics frameworks.

Biotechnology improvement

Arable land and new water are two of the most significant, yet restricted, assets on earth. Misuse and mis-appointment have compromised these assets, as the interest on them has expanded. Advances in biotechnology have just yielded advances that can reestablish the imperativeness and reasonability of these assets. Another age of advances: bioremediation, bio-recovery and bio-growth are being created, offering the possibility to additionally reestablish these assets, yet additionally expand their latent capacity.

Advanced healthcare through genome sequencing:

It required over 13 years and $1.5 billion to succession the primary human genome and today we can group a total human genome in a solitary day for under $1,000. At the point when we break down the around 3 billion base sets in such a succession, we find that we contrast from one another in a few million of these base sets. In most cases these distinctions don’t cause any issues yet in uncommon cases they cause illness, or powerlessness to sickness. Clinical examination and practice will progressively be driven by our comprehension of such hereditary varieties along with their phenotypic results.

What is the scope of Biotechnology in Pakistan:

Bio-Technology plays a significant role in the development of any country. That is why the demand of science experts is increasing day by day in Pakistan and abroad.

In Pakistan, Biotechnology is used in many fields such as agriculture, bioremediation, food processing, DNA etc., and it is now a common part of everyday life.

Scoop of Biotechnology in pakistan

The Future of Biotechnology experts is quite promising. They are the one who creates a new image for the world. The last 20th century has witnessed the development of a novel and new technology developed by Biotechnologists. Therefore, it is also a crucial part of Pakistan development.

Many universities in Pakistan are producing graduates from this field. The TUF biotechnology department works very well; they produce the best graduates to serve as competent candidates. Check out the Biotechnology sections for further detail.